Coastlines and borders

Plotting coastlines and borders is handled by pygmt.Figure.coast.

Note

This tutorial assumes the use of a Python notebook, such as IPython or Jupyter Notebook. To see the figures while using a Python script instead, use fig.show(method="external") to display the figure in the default PDF viewer.

To save the figure, use fig.savefig("figname.pdf") where "figname.pdf" is the desired name and file extension for the saved figure.

import pygmt

Shorelines

Use the shorelines argument to plot only the shorelines:

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.basemap(region="g", projection="W15c", frame=True)
fig.coast(shorelines=True)
fig.show()
coastlines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

The shorelines are divided in 4 levels:

  1. coastline

  2. lakeshore

  3. island-in-lake shore

  4. lake-in-island-in-lake shore

You can specify which level you want to plot by passing the level number and a GMT pen configuration. For example, to plot just the coastlines with 0.5 thickness and black lines:

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.basemap(region="g", projection="W15c", frame=True)
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p,black")
fig.show()
coastlines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

You can specify multiple levels (with their own pens) by passing a list to shorelines:

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.basemap(region="g", projection="W15c", frame=True)
fig.coast(shorelines=["1/1p,black", "2/0.5p,red"])
fig.show()
coastlines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Resolutions

The coastline database comes with 5 resolutions. The resolution drops by 80% between levels:

  1. "c": crude

  2. "l": low (default)

  3. "i": intermediate

  4. "h": high

  5. "f": full

oahu = [-158.3, -157.6, 21.2, 21.8]
fig = pygmt.Figure()
for res in ["c", "l", "i", "h", "f"]:
    fig.coast(resolution=res, shorelines="1p", region=oahu, projection="M5c")
    fig.shift_origin(xshift="5c")
fig.show()
coastlines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Land and water

Use the land and water arguments to specify a fill color for land and water bodies. The colors can be given by name or hex codes (like the ones used in HTML and CSS):

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.basemap(region="g", projection="W10i", frame=True)
fig.coast(land="#666666", water="skyblue")
fig.show()
coastlines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 6.633 seconds)

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