Frames, ticks, titles, and labels

Setting the style of the map frames, ticks, etc, is handled by the frame parameter that all plotting methods of pygmt.Figure.

Note

This tutorial assumes the use of a Python notebook, such as IPython or Jupyter Notebook. To see the figures while using a Python script instead, use fig.show(method="external") to display the figure in the default PDF viewer.

To save the figure, use fig.savefig("figname.pdf") where "figname.pdf" is the desired name and file extension for the saved figure.

import pygmt

Plot frame

By default, PyGMT does not add a frame to your plot. For example, we can plot the coastlines of the world with a Mercator projection:

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p", region=[-180, 180, -60, 60], projection="M25c")
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

To add the default GMT frame to the plot, use frame="f" in pygmt.Figure.basemap or any other plotting module:

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p", region=[-180, 180, -60, 60], projection="M25c")
fig.basemap(frame="f")
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Ticks and grid lines

The automatic frame (frame=True or frame="a") sets the default GMT style frame and automatically determines tick labels from the plot region.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p", region=[-180, 180, -60, 60], projection="M25c")
fig.basemap(frame="a")
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Add automatic grid lines to the plot by adding a g to frame:

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p", region=[-180, 180, -60, 60], projection="M25c")
fig.basemap(frame="ag")
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Title

The figure title can be set by passing +ttitle to the frame parameter of pygmt.Figure.basemap. Passing multiple arguments to frame can be done by using a list, as show in the example below.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
# region="IS" specifies Iceland using the ISO country code
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p", region="IS", projection="M25c")
fig.basemap(frame=["a", "+tIceland"])
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

To use a title with multiple words, the title must be placed inside another set of quotation marks. To prevent the quotation marks from appearing in the figure title, the frame parameter can be passed in single quotation marks and the title can be passed in double quotation marks.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
# region="TT" specifies Trinidad and Tobago
fig.coast(shorelines="1/0.5p", region="TT", projection="M25c")
fig.basemap(frame=["a", '+t"Trinidad and Tobago"'])
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Axis labels

Axis labels can be set by passing x+llabel (or starting with y if labeling the y-axis) to the frame parameter of pygmt.Figure.basemap. By default, all 4 map boundaries (or plot axes) are plotted with both tick marks and axis labels. The axes are named as W (west/left), S (south/bottom), N (north/top), and E (east/right) sides of a figure. If an upper-case axis name is passed, the axis is plotted with tick marks and axis labels. A lower case axis name plots only the axis and tick marks.

The example below uses a Cartesian projection, as GMT does not allow axis labels to be set for geographic maps.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.basemap(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 20],
    projection="X10c/8c",
    # Plot axis, tick marks, and axis labels on the west/left and south/bottom axes
    # Plot axis and tick marks on the north/top and east/right axes
    frame=["WSne", "xaf+lx-axis", "yaf+ly-axis"],
)
fig.show()
frames

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 10.119 seconds)

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