Source code for pygmt.src.grd2cpt

grd2cpt - Create a CPT from a grid file.

from pygmt.clib import Session
from pygmt.exceptions import GMTInvalidInput
from pygmt.helpers import build_arg_string, fmt_docstring, kwargs_to_strings, use_alias

[docs]@fmt_docstring @use_alias( A="transparency", C="cmap", D="background", F="color_model", E="nlevels", G="truncate", H="output", I="reverse", L="limit", M="overrule_bg", N="no_bg", Q="log", R="region", T="series", V="verbose", W="categorical", Ww="cyclic", Z="continuous", ) @kwargs_to_strings(G="sequence", L="sequence", R="sequence", T="sequence") def grd2cpt(grid, **kwargs): r""" Make GMT color palette tables from a grid file. This is a module that will help you make static color palette tables (CPTs). By default, the CPT will simply be saved to the current session, but you can use ``output`` to save it to a file. The CPT is based on an existing dynamic master CPT of your choice, and the mapping from data value to colors is through the data's cumulative distribution function (CDF), so that the colors are histogram equalized. Thus if the grid(s) and the resulting CPT are used in :meth:`pygmt.Figure.grdimage` with a linear projection, the colors will be uniformly distributed in area on the plot. Let z be the data values in the grid. Define CDF(Z) = (# of z < Z) / (# of z in grid). (NaNs are ignored). These z-values are then normalized to the master CPT and colors are sampled at the desired intervals. The CPT includes three additional colors beyond the range of z-values. These are the background color (B) assigned to values lower than the lowest *z*-value, the foreground color (F) assigned to values higher than the highest *z*-value, and the NaN color (N) painted wherever values are undefined. For color tables beyond the standard GMT offerings, visit `cpt-city <>`_ and `Scientific Colour-Maps <>`_. If the master CPT includes B, F, and N entries, these will be copied into the new master file. If not, the parameters :gmt-term:`COLOR_BACKGROUND`, :gmt-term:`COLOR_FOREGROUND`, and :gmt-term:`COLOR_NAN` from the :gmt-docs:`gmt.conf <gmt.conf>` file or the command line will be used. This default behavior can be overruled using the options ``background``, ``overrule_bg`` or ``no_bg``. The color model (RGB, HSV or CMYK) of the palette created by :meth:`pygmt.grd2cpt` will be the same as specified in the header of the master CPT. When there is no :gmt-term:`COLOR_MODEL` entry in the master CPT, the :gmt-term:`COLOR_MODEL` specified in the :gmt-docs:`gmt.conf <gmt.conf>` file or the ``color_model`` option will be used. Full option list at :gmt-docs:`grd2cpt.html` {aliases} Parameters ---------- grid : str or xarray.DataArray The file name of the input grid or the grid loaded as a DataArray. transparency : int or float or str Sets a constant level of transparency (0-100) for all color slices. Append **+a** to also affect the fore-, back-, and nan-colors [Default is no transparency, i.e., 0 (opaque)]. cmap : str Selects the master color palette table (CPT) to use in the interpolation. Full list of built-in color palette tables can be found at :gmt-docs:`cookbook/cpts.html#built-in-color-palette-tables-cpt`. background : bool or str Select the back- and foreground colors to match the colors for lowest and highest *z*-values in the output CPT [Default (``background=True`` or ``background='o'``) uses the colors specified in the master file, or those defined by the parameters :gmt-term:`COLOR_BACKGROUND`, :gmt-term:`COLOR_FOREGROUND`, and :gmt-term:`COLOR_NAN`]. Use ``background='i'`` to match the colors for the lowest and highest values in the input (instead of the output) CPT. color_model : [**R**\|\ **r**\|\ **h**\|\ **c**][**+c**\ [*label*]]. Force output CPT to be written with r/g/b codes, gray-scale values or color name (**R**, default) or r/g/b codes only (**r**), or h-s-v codes (**h**), or c/m/y/k codes (**c**). Optionally or alternatively, append **+c** to write discrete palettes in categorical format. If *label* is appended then we create labels for each category to be used when the CPT is plotted. The *label* may be a comma-separated list of category names (you can skip a category by not giving a name), or give *start*\[-], where we automatically build monotonically increasing labels from *start* (a single letter or an integer). Append ``-`` to build ranges *start*-*start+1* instead. nlevels : bool or int or str Set to ``True`` to create a linear color table by using the grid z-range as the new limits in the CPT. Alternatively, set *nlevels* to resample the color table into *nlevels* equidistant slices. series : list or str [*min/max/inc*\ [**+b**\|\ **l**\|\ **n**\]|\ *file*\|\ *list*\]. Defines the range of the new CPT by giving the lowest and highest z-value (and optionally an interval). If this is not given, the existing range in the master CPT will be used intact. The values produced defines the color slice boundaries. If **+n** is used it refers to the number of such boundaries and not the number of slices. For details on array creation, see :gmt-docs:`makecpt.html#generate-1d-array`. truncate : list or str *zlo/zhi*. Truncate the incoming CPT so that the lowest and highest z-levels are to *zlo* and *zhi*. If one of these equal NaN then we leave that end of the CPT alone. The truncation takes place before any resampling. See also :gmt-docs:`cookbook/features.html#manipulating-cpts`. output : str Optional parameter to set the file name with extension .cpt to store the generated CPT file. If not given or False (default), saves the CPT as the session current CPT. reverse : str Set this to True or c [Default] to reverse the sense of color progression in the master CPT. Set this to z to reverse the sign of z-values in the color table. Note that this change of z-direction happens before *truncate* and *series* values are used so the latter must be compatible with the changed *z*-range. See also :gmt-docs:`cookbook/features.html#manipulating-cpts`. overrule_bg : str Overrule background, foreground, and NaN colors specified in the master CPT with the values of the parameters :gmt-term:`COLOR_BACKGROUND`, :gmt-term:`COLOR_FOREGROUND`, and :gmt-term:`COLOR_NAN` specified in the :gmt-docs:`gmt.conf <gmt.conf>` file or on the command line. When combined with ``background``, only :gmt-term:`COLOR_NAN` is considered. no_bg : bool Do not write out the background, foreground, and NaN-color fields [Default will write them, i.e. ``no_bg=False``]. log : bool For logarithmic interpolation scheme with input given as logarithms. Expects input z-values provided via ``series`` to be log10(*z*), assigns colors, and writes out *z*. continuous : bool Force a continuous CPT when building from a list of colors and a list of z-values [Default is None, i.e. discrete values]. categorical : bool Do not interpolate the input color table but pick the output colors starting at the beginning of the color table, until colors for all intervals are assigned. This is particularly useful in combination with a categorical color table, like ``cmap='categorical'``. cyclic : bool Produce a wrapped (cyclic) color table that endlessly repeats its range. Note that ``cyclic=True`` cannot be set together with ``categorical=True``. {V} """ if "W" in kwargs and "Ww" in kwargs: raise GMTInvalidInput("Set only categorical or cyclic to True, not both.") with Session() as lib: file_context = lib.virtualfile_from_data(check_kind="raster", data=grid) with file_context as infile: if "H" not in kwargs.keys(): # if no output is set arg_str = " ".join([infile, build_arg_string(kwargs)]) if "H" in kwargs: # if output is set outfile = kwargs.pop("H") if not outfile or not isinstance(outfile, str): raise GMTInvalidInput("'output' should be a proper file name.") arg_str = " ".join( [infile, build_arg_string(kwargs), f"-H > {outfile}"] ) lib.call_module("grd2cpt", arg_str)