- pygmt.sph2grd(data, *, outgrid=None, spacing=None, region=None, verbose=None, binary=None, header=None, incols=None, registration=None, cores=None, **kwargs)[source]
Create spherical grid files in tension of data.
Reads a spherical harmonics coefficient table with records of L, M, C[L,M], S[L,M] and evaluates the spherical harmonic model on the specified grid.
Full option list at https://docs.generic-mapping-tools.org/latest/sph2grd.html
G = outgrid
I = spacing
R = region
V = verbose
b = binary
h = header
i = incols
r = registration
x = cores
data (str or numpy.ndarray or pandas.DataFrame or xarray.Dataset or geopandas.GeoDataFrame) – Pass in data with L, M, C[L,M], S[L,M] values by providing a file name to an ASCII data table, a 2-D
xarray.Datasetmade up of 1-D
xarray.DataArraydata variables, or a
geopandas.GeoDataFramecontaining the tabular data.
outgrid (str or None) – The name of the output netCDF file with extension .nc to store the grid in.
spacing (str) –
x_inc[+e|n][/y_inc[+e|n]]. x_inc [and optionally y_inc] is the grid spacing.
Geographical (degrees) coordinates: Optionally, append an increment unit. Choose among m to indicate arc-minutes or s to indicate arc-seconds. If one of the units e, f, k, M, n or u is appended instead, the increment is assumed to be given in meter, foot, km, mile, nautical mile or US survey foot, respectively, and will be converted to the equivalent degrees longitude at the middle latitude of the region (the conversion depends on PROJ_ELLIPSOID). If y_inc is given but set to 0 it will be reset equal to x_inc; otherwise it will be converted to degrees latitude.
All coordinates: If +e is appended then the corresponding max x (east) or y (north) may be slightly adjusted to fit exactly the given increment [by default the increment may be adjusted slightly to fit the given domain]. Finally, instead of giving an increment you may specify the number of nodes desired by appending +n to the supplied integer argument; the increment is then recalculated from the number of nodes, the
registration, and the domain. The resulting increment value depends on whether you have selected a gridline-registered or pixel-registered grid; see GMT File Formats for details.
region=grdfileis used then the grid spacing and the registration have already been initialized; use
registrationto override these values.
region (str or list) – xmin/xmax/ymin/ymax[+r][+uunit]. Specify the region of interest.
Select verbosity level [Default is w], which modulates the messages written to stderr. Choose among 7 levels of verbosity:
q - Quiet, not even fatal error messages are produced
e - Error messages only
w - Warnings [Default]
t - Timings (report runtimes for time-intensive algorithms)
i - Informational messages (same as
c - Compatibility warnings
d - Debugging messages
i|o[ncols][type][w][+l|b]. Select native binary input (using
binary="i") or output (using
binary="o"), where ncols is the number of data columns of type, which must be one of:
c - int8_t (1-byte signed char)
u - uint8_t (1-byte unsigned char)
h - int16_t (2-byte signed int)
H - uint16_t (2-byte unsigned int)
i - int32_t (4-byte signed int)
I - uint32_t (4-byte unsigned int)
l - int64_t (8-byte signed int)
L - uint64_t (8-byte unsigned int)
f - 4-byte single-precision float
d - 8-byte double-precision float
x - use to skip ncols anywhere in the record
For records with mixed types, append additional comma-separated combinations of ncols type (no space). The following modifiers are supported:
w after any item to force byte-swapping.
+l|b to indicate that the entire data file should be read as little- or big-endian, respectively.
Full documentation is at https://docs.generic-mapping-tools.org/latest/gmt.html#bi-full.
header (str) –
[i|o][n][+c][+d][+msegheader][+rremark][+ttitle]. Specify that input and/or output file(s) have n header records [Default is 0]. Prepend i if only the primary input should have header records. Prepend o to control the writing of header records, with the following modifiers supported:
+d to remove existing header records.
+c to add a header comment with column names to the output [Default is no column names].
+m to add a segment header segheader to the output after the header block [Default is no segment header].
+r to add a remark comment to the output [Default is no comment]. The remark string may contain \n to indicate line-breaks.
+t to add a title comment to the output [Default is no title]. The title string may contain \n to indicate line-breaks.
Blank lines and lines starting with # are always skipped.
incols (str or 1-D array) –
Specify data columns for primary input in arbitrary order. Columns can be repeated and columns not listed will be skipped [Default reads all columns in order, starting with the first (i.e., column 0)].
For 1-D array: specify individual columns in input order (e.g.,
incols=[1,0]for the 2nd column followed by the 1st column).
str: specify individual columns or column ranges in the format start[:inc]:stop, where inc defaults to 1 if not specified, with columns and/or column ranges separated by commas (e.g.,
incols="0:2,4+l"to input the first three columns followed by the log-transformed 5th column). To read from a given column until the end of the record, leave off stop when specifying the column range. To read trailing text, add the column t. Append the word number to t to ingest only a single word from the trailing text. Instead of specifying columns, use
incols="n"to simply read numerical input and skip trailing text. Optionally, append one of the following modifiers to any column or column range to transform the input columns:
+l to take the log10 of the input values.
+d to divide the input values by the factor divisor [Default is 1].
+s to multiple the input values by the factor scale [Default is 1].
+o to add the given offset to the input values [Default is 0].
registration (str) – g|p. Force gridline (g) or pixel (p) node registration [Default is g(ridline)].
cores (bool or int) – [[-]n]. Limit the number of cores to be used in any OpenMP-enabled multi-threaded algorithms. By default we try to use all available cores. Set a number n to only use n cores (if too large it will be truncated to the maximum cores available). Finally, give a negative number -n to select (all - n) cores (or at least 1 if n equals or exceeds all).
ret (xarray.DataArray or None) – Return type depends on whether the
outgridparameter is set:
outgridis not set
outgridis set (grid output will be stored in file set by
>>> import pygmt >>> # Create a new grid from the remote file "EGM96_to_36.txt", >>> # set the grid spacing to 1, and the region to "g" >>> new_grid = pygmt.sph2grd( ... data="@EGM96_to_36.txt", spacing=1, region="g" ... )