Note

Go to the end to download the full example code.

# Cartesian, circular, and geographic vectors

The `pygmt.Figure.plot`

method can plot Cartesian, circular, and
geographic vectors. The `style`

parameter controls vector attributes.
See also the Vector attributes example.

```
import numpy as np
import pygmt
# create a plot with coast, Mercator projection (M) over the continental US
fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.coast(
region=[-127, -64, 24, 53],
projection="M15c",
frame=True,
borders=1,
area_thresh=4000,
shorelines="0.25p,black",
)
# Left: plot 12 Cartesian vectors with different lengths
x = np.linspace(-116, -116, 12) # x vector coordinates
y = np.linspace(33.5, 42.5, 12) # y vector coordinates
direction = np.zeros(x.shape) # direction of vectors
length = np.linspace(0.5, 2.4, 12) # length of vectors
# Cartesian vectors (v) with red fill and pen (+g, +p), vector head at
# end (+e), and 40 degree angle (+a) with no indentation for vector head (+h)
style = "v0.2c+e+a40+gred+h0+p1p,red"
fig.plot(x=x, y=y, style=style, pen="1p,red", direction=[direction, length])
fig.text(text="CARTESIAN", x=-112, y=44.2, font="13p,Helvetica-Bold,red", fill="white")
# Middle: plot 7 math angle arcs with different radii
num = 7
x = np.full(num, -95) # x coordinates of the center
y = np.full(num, 37) # y coordinates of the center
radius = 1.8 - 0.2 * np.arange(0, num) # radius
startdir = np.full(num, 90) # start direction in degrees
stopdir = 180 + 40 * np.arange(0, num) # stop direction in degrees
# data for circular vectors
data = np.column_stack([x, y, radius, startdir, stopdir])
arcstyle = "m0.5c+ea" # Circular vector (m) with an arrow at end
fig.plot(data=data, style=arcstyle, fill="red3", pen="1.5p,black")
fig.text(text="CIRCULAR", x=-95, y=44.2, font="13p,Helvetica-Bold,black", fill="white")
# Right: plot geographic vectors using endpoints
NYC = [-74.0060, 40.7128]
CHI = [-87.6298, 41.8781]
SEA = [-122.3321, 47.6062]
NO = [-90.0715, 29.9511]
# `=` means geographic vectors.
# With the modifier '+s', the input data should contain coordinates of start
# and end points
style = "=0.5c+s+e+a30+gblue+h0.5+p1p,blue"
data = np.array([NYC + CHI, NYC + SEA, NYC + NO])
fig.plot(data=data, style=style, pen="1.0p,blue")
fig.text(
text="GEOGRAPHIC", x=-74.5, y=44.2, font="13p,Helvetica-Bold,blue", fill="white"
)
fig.show()
```

**Total running time of the script:** (0 minutes 0.295 seconds)