Plotting lines

Plotting lines is handled by pygmt.Figure.plot.

import pygmt

Plot lines

Create a Cartesian figure using projection parameter and set the axis scales using region (in this case, each axis is 0-10). Pass a list of x and y values to be plotted as a line.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 8],
    y=[5, 9],
    pen="1p,black",
)
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Additional line segments can be added by including additional values for x and y.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 6, 9],
    y=[5, 7, 4],
    pen="1p,black",
)
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

To plot multiple lines, pygmt.Figure.plot needs to be used for each additional line. Arguments such as region, projection, and frame do not need to be repeated in subsequent uses.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 6, 9],
    y=[5, 7, 4],
    pen="2p,blue",
)
fig.plot(x=[2, 4, 10], y=[3, 8, 9], pen="2p,red")
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Change line attributes

The line attributes can be set by the pen parameter. pen takes a string argument with the optional values width,color,style.

In the example below, the pen width is set to 5p, and with black as the default color and solid as the default style.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 8],
    y=[3, 9],
    pen="5p",
)
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

The line color can be set and is added after the line width to the pen parameter. In the example below, the line color is set to red.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 8],
    y=[3, 9],
    pen="5p,red",
)
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

The line style can be set and is added after the line width or color to the pen parameter. In the example below, the line style is set to ..- (dot dot dash), and the default color black is used.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 8],
    y=[3, 9],
    pen="5p,..-",
)
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

The line width, color, and style can all be set in the same pen parameter. In the example below, the line width is set to 7p, the color is set to green, and the line style is -.- (dash dot dash).

For a gallery showing other pen settings, see Line styles.

fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.plot(
    region=[0, 10, 0, 10],
    projection="X15c/10c",
    frame="a",
    x=[1, 8],
    y=[3, 9],
    pen="7p,green,-.-",
)
fig.show()
lines

Out:

<IPython.core.display.Image object>

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 5.608 seconds)

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