Configuring PyGMT defaults

Default GMT parameters can be set globally or locally using pygmt.config.

import pygmt

Configuring default GMT parameters

Users can override default parameters either temporarily (locally) or permanently (globally) using pygmt.config. The full list of default parameters that can be changed can be found at https://docs.generic-mapping-tools.org/6.5/gmt.conf.html.

We demonstrate the usage of pygmt.config by configuring a map plot.

# Start with a basic figure with the default style
fig = pygmt.Figure()
fig.basemap(region=[115, 119.5, 4, 7.5], projection="M10c", frame=True)
fig.coast(land="black", water="skyblue")

fig.show()
configuration

Globally overriding defaults

The MAP_FRAME_TYPE parameter specifies the style of map frame to use, of which there are 5 options: fancy (default, see above), fancy+, plain, graph (which does not apply to geographical maps) and inside.

The FORMAT_GEO_MAP parameter controls the format of geographical tick annotations. The default uses degrees and minutes. Here we specify the ticks to be a decimal number of degrees.

fig = pygmt.Figure()

# Configuration for the 'current figure'.
pygmt.config(MAP_FRAME_TYPE="plain")
pygmt.config(FORMAT_GEO_MAP="ddd.xx")

fig.basemap(region=[115, 119.5, 4, 7.5], projection="M10c", frame=True)
fig.coast(land="black", water="skyblue")

fig.show()
configuration

Locally overriding defaults

It is also possible to temporarily override the default parameters, which is very useful for limiting the scope of changes to a particular plot. pygmt.config is implemented as a context manager, which handles the setup and teardown of a GMT session. Python users are likely familiar with the with open(...) as file: snippet, which returns a file context manager. In this way, it can be used to override a parameter for a single command, or a sequence of commands. An application of pygmt.config as a context manager is shown below:

fig = pygmt.Figure()

# This will have a fancy+ frame
with pygmt.config(MAP_FRAME_TYPE="fancy+"):
    fig.basemap(region=[115, 119.5, 4, 7.5], projection="M10c", frame=True)
fig.coast(land="black", water="skyblue")

# Shift plot origin down by 10cm to plot another map
fig.shift_origin(yshift="-10c")

# This figure retains the default "fancy" frame
fig.basemap(region=[115, 119.5, 4, 7.5], projection="M10c", frame=True)
fig.coast(land="black", water="skyblue")

fig.show()
configuration

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 0.582 seconds)

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